April 7 - 1630: Massachusetts Bay Colony began

1961: Sonic booms are business boons here. 2007: International report says costly climate changes have already happened
The Winthrop Fleet by William F. Halsall.

1630: Pilgrims leave for Bay State

Massachusetts Bay Colony began

On this day in 1630 the last well-wishers stepped off the ship Arbella (shown on right below courtesy of Wkipedia) and returned to shore. More than a week after the vessel first set out, the winds were finally favorable. The ship weighed anchor and sailed for New England.

Governor John Winthrop and about 300 English Puritans were on board. They were leaving their homes in England to settle in a fledgling colony - Massachusetts Bay - on the other side of the Atlantic. There they would work "to do more service to the Lord."

Governor Winthrop shepherded the Puritans through 12 years of enormous hardship. Under his leadership, Massachusetts Bay Colony became the most populous English colony and Boston the largest city in North America.

The colony was founded by the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company, which included investors in the failed Dorchester Company, which had in 1623 established a short-lived settlement on Cape Ann.

The second attempt, the Massachusetts Bay Colony begun in 1628, was successful, with about 20,000 people migrating to New England in the 1630s. The population was strongly Puritan, and its governance was dominated by a small group of leaders who were strongly influenced by Puritan religious leaders.

On the right is an old 2-cents U.S. Postage stamp issued in 1930 honoring the tercentennial of the founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1961: Sonic booms over Otis good for business?

Innkeeper wants her guests to experience the real thing

On this day in 1961, as reported in Pacific Stars & Stripes under the headline,"Jet Noise Helps Her Business"

OTIS AFB, Mass. - Residents of this Massachusetts summer resort area have reacted in various ways to the sonic booms made by Otis' F-101 planes when they crack the sound barrier.

Otis officials have, in turn, endeavored to educate the local people about the sonic disturbances and their unavoidability in today's jet age.

This community relations program has had good results but the officials are still a bit flabbergasted by the request of one Cape Cod lady who takes in guests.

Now, with summer coming, she would appreciate it if the Air Force could guarantee her a sonic boom a week, to be announced ahead of time.

She wanted to be sure her guests experienced the real thing.

"Sonic booms make the stay of vacationers at Cape Cod even more interesting," she explains.

2007: Emissions already affecting climate - IPCC Report

Bleak forecast offered coastal areas, severe economic cost

Also on this day in 2007 the Earth’s climate and ecosystems are already being affected, for better and mostly for worse, by the atmospheric buildup of smokestack and tailpipe gases that trap heat, top climate experts said Friday.

While curbs in emissions can limit risks, they said, vulnerable regions must adapt to shifting weather patterns and rising seas.

The conclusions came in the latest report from Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which has tracked research on human-caused global warming since being created by the United Nations in 1988. In February, the panel released a report that for the first time concluded with 90-percent certainty that humans were the main cause of warming since 1950. But in this report, focusing on the impact of warming, for the first time the group described how species, water supplies, ice sheets, and regional climate conditions were already responding...

The panel said the long-term outlook for all regions was for trouble should temperatures rise 3 to 5 degrees Fahrenheit or so, with consequences ranging from the likely extinction of perhaps a fourth of the world’s species to eventual inundation of coasts and islands inhabited by hundreds of millions of people...  areas in drought will become even more dry, adding to the risks of hunger and disease, it said. The world will face heightened threats of flooding, severe storms and the erosion of coastlines...

North America will experience more severe storms with human and economic loss, and cultural and social disruptions. It can expect more hurricanes, floods, droughts, heat waves and wildfires, it said.

Coasts will be swamped by rising sea levels. In the short term, crop yields may increase by 5 percent to 20 percent from a longer growing season, but will plummet if temperatures rise by 7.2 degrees...  Read the rest of this New York Times story here.


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