On this day in 1647, Massachusetts Bay Colony banned Jesuit priests from the colony on penalty of death. The English Puritans who settled the colony feared the Jesuits for several reasons.
Three reasons they were banned
First, simply because they were Catholic.
To Puritans, Catholicism was nothing less than idolatrous blasphemy, and Catholics were destined for eternal damnation.
Second, because the Jesuits were French, and France and England were engaged in a bitter struggle for control of North America.
Finally, Jesuit missionaries had converted large numbers of Indians in Canada to Catholicism. Indian converts were potential allies of France and enemies of the English. Although no Jesuit was executed for defying the ban, the legacy of anti-Catholicism in Massachusetts survived for generations.
President Kennedy Extolled at Opening of 40,000-Acre National Seashore
(The dedication of the Cape Cod National Seashore on May 31, 1966, brought together many of those responsible for its creation. In the front row in this photo of the event we can see Editor John Ullman and his wife Eleanor, and Publisher Malcolm Hobbs and his wife Gwen from The Cape Codder. Further in that row on the right are Todd Brooks and Pat Brooks of East Harwich, Connie Kemprecos of Chatham and Bobby Bowles, reporter for The Register. Photo by Walter Brooks.
On Memorial Day weekend in 1966, the Cape Cod National Seashore Park was dedicated. The front page story in that day's New York Times read:
EASTHAM, Mass., May 30 -- The first land the Pilgrims sighted before landing at Plymouth 346 years ago was dedicated today as the Cape Cod National Seashore. It embraces an area of nearly 40,000 acres in six towns on the Cape.
As big a controversy then as Cape Wind was a half century later
When the CCNSP was first proposed in the early 1960s by then-US Senator (D-MA) John F. Kennedy and the late US Senator Leverett Saltonstall (R-MA) the reaction from Cape Codders was negative, strong and very costly to some.
The Cape Codder weekly newspaper in Orleans was then run by Malcolm Hobbs, and his immediate support for the park drew strong reactions from readers and even an advertising boycott. The lumber yards and real estate brokers were just seeing the beginning of the Cape's big post-war building years, and they didn't want to give up thousands of acres of possible deals.
Needless to say, Hobbs stuck it out, and by the time the park was dedicated most detractors had become supporters and realized how this environmental move might literally save the Cape for their grandchildren. The New York Times story is below.